Sustainable and Resilient Coastal Cities | 2 Mers Seas Zeeën


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Sustainable and Resilient Coastal Cities

Priority Axis

Adaptation to Climate Change

Specific objective

Adaptation to Climate Change

Lead partner

Southend Borough Council


Start Date


End Date


Project budget

10 333 529

ERDF amount

6 200 117

ERDF rate



    Common challenge

    Mean sea level rise (SLR) could increase by 1.5m-2.5m by 2100, which would see damage caused by coastal flooding in Europe increase from €1.25bn per annum currently to €961bn in just over 80 years (European Commission, 2018). Urban areas situated along the 2 Seas coastline are particularly vulnerable to extreme SLR (a combinatin of SLR, tide and storm surges). Coastal flood plans and policies focus predominantly on deploying traditional grey infrastructure/heavy engineering and ignore the use of nature-based solutions (NBS), despite the overwhelming evidence of their potential to reduce flood risk and provide multiple benefits. NBS are often not considered by policy-makers in detail due to the perceived risks around costs, potential for success, requirements for immediate protection/improvement and uncertainties regarding future change. A clear knowledge gap exists across coastal local authorities to deploy NBS as a means to reduce future coastal flood risk and economic damage.



    Marine Archeological Trust

    Environment Agency

    Municipality of Blankenberge

    Municipality of Vlissingen

    City of Gravelines

    Exo Environmental Ltd

    University of Technology Delft

    Flemish Government

    Agency for Maritime and Coastal Services

    Town of Middelkerke

    City of Ostend

    HZ University of Applied Sciences

    Vives University of applied Sciences