Short Term Adaptation for Long Term Resilience to Climate Change
Priority AxisAdaptation to Climate Change
Adaptation to Climate Change
Lead partnerKent County Council
Date de début13/07/2017
Date de fin28/02/2021
Project budget4 380 191 €
ERDF amount2 628 115 €
With climate change, flooding will likely become more frequent and severe with damages in Europe reaching €23.5bn by 2050. Given floods are already costly to 2 Seas area, there is clear need to take proactive action to reduce the impacts of future flooding on our ecosystems, communities and economies. Member States have developed national adaptation strategies identifying such action. However, local authorities and regional agencies tasked with implement them are finding it challenging to deliver tangible adaptation measures. This difficulty is driven by a systemic failure to engage local stakeholders responsible for planning and decision making with adaptation due to several barriers including lack of: understanding of long-term costs/benefits, relevant tools and capabilities to support decision making and funding for perceived ‘future’ investments. Thus, there is little appetite or ability to deliver local adaptation, creating an ‘implementation gap’ between strategy and real change.
STAR2Cs will overcome the ‘implementation gap’ currently faced in delivering local action to build adaptation capacity by establishing an innovative transferable solution that:
- identifies financial/social/technical/ecosystem-based mechanisms to deliver cost-effective adaptation
- builds stakeholder knowledge/ability to participate in ‘future-proofed’ decision making
- demonstrates success and cost-savings of integrated and incremental actions to implement adaptation for wider roll-out
As a result, implementation of adaption measures will be stimulated across the 2 Seas, leading to a 15% reduction in future costs from flooding evidenced by:
- 30% increase in local actions from 4 national adaptation strategies that are costed, timed and integrated into delivery
- 1000 stakeholders co-creating ‘future-proofed’ actions
- 15% increase in delivery of local adaptation measures
- 24 organisations reducing the impacts of floods by adopting the STAR2Cs solution in decision-making
STARS2Cs will produce an evidence-based, cross-border solution that supports stakeholders to implement adaptation measures, consisting of:
- 1 e-tool (Adaptation Catalyst) to identify and evaluate mechanisms to deliver adaptation tailored to local scenarios
- 1 knowledge and capacity building service increasing stakeholder ability to participate in ‘future-proofed’ decisionmaking
- 8 implementation pathways identifying cost-effective incremental and integrated short-term actions to implement adaptation in 8 pilot areas
- 1 method evaluating the success of STAR2Cs and provides justification and guidance for adopting the STAR2Cs solution
Directly benefiting are practitioners in flood risk management, spatial planning, water management and climate change, as well as local decision makers and planners. It has wider-benefits for national public bodies and agencies and will support politicians and policy makers. Ultimately, it benefits local communities at flood risk across the 2 Seas area.
Cross border approach
Flooding affects the whole of the 2 Seas area resulting in both severe localised and regional impacts. Responding to climate change is a pan-European issue, with traditional and unilateral approaches to flooding risk management unlikely to adequately address future challenges. All Member States are experiencing an ‘implementation gap’ as they struggle to deliver local actions to reduce the future costs of flooding. STAR2Cs partners will work together to overcome these barriers to increasing adaptation capacity by drawing on a diverse range of expertise, approaches and local experience in long-term planning. Through cross-border collaboration and 8 varied pilots, STAR2Cs will establish a solution that is transferable and holistically builds the ability of stakeholders to deliver adaptation measures in the short-term. Each partner will contribute expertise needed to develop, disseminate and embed the STAR2Cs solution into decision-making processes across the 2 Seas region.
STAR2Cs brings together 8 partners to overcome similar challenges across the 2 seas in increasing climate change adaptation. The project is developing and testing a model and supporting tools to help deliver local adaptation, including an e-tool to support adaptive planning, a knowledge and capacity building service to increase participation in 'future proofed' decision making and 8 implementation pathways to deliver local adaptation. Good progress has been made towards development of key outputs in year one through three cross-border workshops and launch of local pilots.
Overall, the project is performing well in both activity and fianance and is proceeding according to forecast.
In WP1, LP procured a consultant to help develop the Adaptation Catalyst (O1) and supporting evidence reports,. In WP2, PP2 started work on the Knowledge Service (O2) and stakeholder engagement with target groups has begun through workshops and events.
In their pilots (WP3), partners have made significant progress. LP has begun assessing public sector adaptation capacity in Kent, PP2 undertook an evaluation of the Maarkebeek. PP4 has completed 5 system models, with 25 in development, and data has been gathered to inform WP1 evidence bases (D1.1.1 and D1.1.2). PP5 undertook a climate stress test and analysed adaptation best practice feeding in learning to the Adaptation Catalyst (O1). PP6 has identified new types of infrastructure to improve local flood management. PP7 is using the evaluation work from PP2 in the Maarkebeek to plan activity in the Zwalm. PP8 is using partner experience to plan new approaches to building in flood risk areas. PP9 has completed GIS mapping of 5 areas of the Dender and held workshops to develop the pilot activity.
Partners established management processes (WP4) and are delivering communication activities (posters and workshops, strategy and tracker) (WP5).
By participating in STAR2Cs, partners are already seeing increased buy-in from managers and other projects/organisations, who see the benefits that this project and crossborder cooperation can have on identifying and implementing solutions to common challenges, like adapting to climate change.