Alternative FRESH water resources for saline Coastal Areas | 2 Mers Seas Zeeën


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Alternative FRESH water resources for saline Coastal Areas

Priority Axis

Resource Efficient Economy

Specific objective

Efficient Use of Resources and Materials

Lead partner






Project budget

5 621 915

ERDF amount

2 958 041

ERDF rate



    Common challenge

    The FRESH4Cs project focusses on the second Europe 2020 priority of sustainable growth, by demonstrating the provision of alternative and sustainable fresh water resources for lowland coastal regions. Traditional water resources are under pressure in the 2 seas region, and this problem is even more prominent in lowland coastal regions due to salinization of (near) surface waters. These same coastal lowlands drain vast amounts of water towards the sea at moments of water surplus (seasonal). Where water consumption has often been reduced to economic feasible levels, a second step in efficient water resource management is providing alternative and more sustainable resources, which is the focus of this project. We will do this by the efficient use of the fresh water resources that are now drained to the sea.

    Main Achievements

    FRESH4Cs wants to demonstrate solutions for sustainable freshwater resources in coastal regions, and does this by implementing 6 dems. These demos have all progressed in their design, planning and permitting phase. The partners regularly exchanged their experiences on demo design. A joint monitoring strategy ensures compliance with regulations, and will allow technology evaluation.

    At Felixstowe (UK), the construction of the water transfer and buffering network has been finished at the end of 2020. It will start providing irrigation water to farmers in summer 2021. At the same site, we will demonstrate underground water storage and recovery (MAR) in a second demo. Model results indicate a higher than expected potential. Permit delivery is delayed and requires additional water quality measurements, but we will start construction later in 2021.

    The design for the nature-based solution for wastewater treatment at Koksijde (BE) has been finished and construction works will start in 2021 after the permit is obtained (decision on 27/1/2021). The design of the water buffering demo at Kwetshage (BE) has suffered delays due to historic soil pollution and the need for a stability study for a nearby railway. Construction is expected to start in 2022.

    The feasibility study for underground buffering at Braakman Zuid (NL) has identified the most suitable locations and started negotiations with local farmers and regulators. Their pilot-scale demo will be constructed in mid-2021. The feasibility study at Kruiningen (NL) for the storage of effluent has made progress on monitoring effluent quality, an important parameter to assess the potential. Covid-19 related production stops have delayed some works.

    Non-technological barriers and opportunities are important to ensure further uptake of the solutions. Partners collaborated to gain insight in each member state’s specific water framework through interviews with experts and stakeholders. These interviews will be complemented with surveys of water users to further detail the framework and specific investment requirements. A project workshop exchanged experience on collaboration forms between farmers, industry and government.

    A successful start conference in Bruges (BE) focused on the challenges to make our water system robust for the future. Since then project partners have organized local events that connect directly to the investments stakeholders and have disseminated the FRESH4Cs solutions at several meetings.



    Suffolk County Council

    HZ University of Applied Sciences

    Intercommunale Waterleidingsmaatschappij

    Vlaamse Land Maatschappij

    Felixstowe HydroCycle Ltd

    University of East Anglia Name

    Dow Benelux bv

    Environment Agency

    Lamb Weston / Meijer vof


    Output name
    URL / Download


    Thema: Water managementResource efficiency
    Type: Pilot and demonstration action
    Target: Citizens