Implementation of Ship Hybridisation
Priority AxisLow Carbon Technologies
Low Carbon Technologies
Lead partnerAutonoom Gemeentebedrijf Haven Oostende
Project budget15 984 447 €
ERDF amount9 206 068 €
Shipping industry and suppliers must invest in low carbon propulsion systems, but facing a number of market failures, as:
- Vessels have long operational lifetimes (30–40 years), so little incentive to retrofit or replace
- Number of new built ships per year is low, so ROI in innovative systems for shipbuilders is low
- Limited faith and knowledge in effectiveness of alternative propulsion technologies
- Alternative fuelling infrastructures in ports are limited
- Regulation, security and certification haven’t been clarified
- Market control of traditional oil/gas companies, protecting traditional fuel systems
To tackle barriers, challenges are:
- To demonstrate the effectiveness of low-carbon propulsion technologies in different types of vessels
- To demonstrate the feasibility of H2 bunkering facilities in ports
- To develop tools/methods which demonstrate and support the transition to low-carbon propulsion systems for new built vessels and by retrofitting
Development, testing and validation of technical tools and socio-economic models (business cases) for the implementation of hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell technologies in vessels and ports, and realising the development and the demonstration of the feasibility of these technologies by retrofitting different types of existing vessels, different kind of new built vessels and new bunkering facilities in ports in order to increase the adoption likelihood of this low or zero carbon technology in a sector with high impact potential.
- Developed, engineered and built or retrofitted:
- multimode hybrid configuration in small inspection craft;
- crew transfer vessel and retrofitted barge with a hybrid (diesel-electric and H2) propulsion system;
- inland barge with hydrogen based hybrid (H2FC) propulsion system
- new (400-)passenger transport vessel with a full H2 based propulsion system
- a H2 fuel cell module to be used in various vessels
- H2-bunkering station for vessels in the port of Ostend
- Method to retrofit small craft vessels, adapting automotive design and control experience
- Business cases for transformations regarding: retrofitting existing vessels, new built H2-fuel cell vessels, wireless recharging systems, use/storage of H2
- Supporting tool for certification and insuring of all kind of hybrid and hydrogen vessels and fuel bunkering facilities
- Overall report of tests and monitoring in real life circumstances of all retrofitted and new built vessels using hybrid and H2 propulsion systems
Cross border approach
To achieve objectives and results it is necessary to work cross borders and to have a partnership which includes a variety of fleet owners, engine builders, knowledge institutes and port authorities. Cross border working is necessary because navigation is often cross-border. Permissions, certifications and bunkering facilities should be designed and settled in a way to create standards such that shippers have certainty when starting with low carbon propulsion systems. Our cross border approach makes it possible to retrofit different kind of existing vessels and to build new vessels by using hybrid and H2/fuel cell propulsion systems. All technological knowledge and data is available in the consortium for successful pilots to demonstrate feasibility of these systems. This collaboration is also necessary to develop and valorise applicable tools/methods and to demonstrate results to a large network of companies and stakeholders which will be of importance for further uptake and roll-out.
ISHY has made a good start in the first period of the project. All start-up documents have been delivered in time, the project/process management works well and some communication activities are realized (start conference, posters, press releases). Regarding financial management we had some delay, because we need to prepare a major modification first (because of requirements in the notification letter). This delay is solved by an overal 2019 claim in January 2020. In the communication we have some delays (see WP7).
Knowledge Partners have made good progress with their research activities in WP1. Pilot partners have given input regarding operational profiles and D.1.1.1 (for O1) is ready. Also the mathematical tools for control (for O2) is ready. The same goes for the 2019-deliverables to develop a toolbox for retrofit and new build vessels of low carbon propulsion technologies (O3). The Terms of References document for Hazard Identification (O4) and the basic model for bunkering facilities (O5) are ready.
In WP2 research has taken place about hydrodynamic resistance of the pilot vessels (O6). The methods are ready and some, but not all testings have taken place. Also the conceptual design of the fuel cell power module (D.2.5.1 as part of O8) is ready.
Preparations for retrofitting vessels and new build vessels have started. Hybrid Marine (PP10) for O9 and YES/Vera Cruz (PP9/PP14) for O10, are almost on track. Most of their deliverables are part of this APR. In the cases of GeoAqua (PP8, O11) and Zivermeeuw (PP5, O12) there is some delay. It takes more time (more design decisions) to start from scratch than retrofitting existing vessels. They both have delivered (draft) reports. As management team we are fully aware of their situation, put some pressure on their work and help them as much as possible. The last output (O13) about the bunkering facility of Parkwind (PP15), has also some delay in their preparational works (D.5.1.1-3 and D.5.2.1). To solve this problem they have assigned an external company to help them to get back on track.
The cross-border cooperation proceeds well after a short period of getting used to each other. Knowledge partners have collaborated well on the development of tools and methods and pilot partners contributed there where needed. In the other way around, knowledge partners have supported the pilot partners with the preparational works. All partners make good contributions to meetings, workshops and other events.