Resourcing Plastics from the City | 2 Mers Seas Zeeën

PlastiCity

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Resourcing Plastics from the City

Priority Axis

Resource Efficient Economy

Specific objective

Circular Economy

Lead partner

Stad Gent

Contact

Start Date

01/01/2019

End Date

31/03/2023

Project budget

8 871 384

ERDF amount

5 178 731

ERDF rate

58%

    About

    Common challenge

    The 2 Seas area is one of the most proliferative regions in the EU when it comes to generating plastic waste, but overall plastic recycling rates are incredibly low (20-30%). Within the urban environment, often including cities near water bodies, a lot of plastic waste is available that would, in terms of quality, technically be eligible for recycling but is not effectively validated. These so-called ‘lost plastics’ can form a prominent role in the circular economy, providing actors and stakeholders with an economic opportunity to benefit by stepping away from traditional plastic disposal methods. These economic opportunities are not fully known/understood, collection logistics are not fully developed, sorting facilities are not well equipped, or stakeholders are not always fully engaged. These are all barriers to realise the full potential of plastic in the circular economy. These barriers need to be overcome if the 2 Seas area is to play a key role in delivering the EU strategy for plastics in the Circular Economy.

    Main Achievements

    Using input from local administrations and business representatives, the research partners have developed a strategy for the effective recycling of plastics that are currently lost in an urban environment. Through the creation of a mobile plastics waste recycling laboratory, in which plastic waste fragments can be analysed, characterised and converted into new raw materials (e.g. granulates), PlastiCity has demonstrated the potential of selected plastic waste fractions on a laboratory scale.

    In total, the partnership has collected about 2000 tonnes of plastic waste from local companies in their regions through innovative transport methods that can be easily applied in urban environments. A portion of these collections has been used by the researchers to make generic characterisations by type of plastic, which were then the basis for design exercises. The stream not processed in the mobile unit was processed by business partners specialised in the recycling of rigid plastics and transparent films.

    Furthermore, in three cities, local authorities took steps to develop PlastiCity hubs where separately sorted plastic waste can be processed into new raw materials by local recycling companies. These initiatives involve partnerships with local businesses and schools. The research partners conducted studies on business attitudes towards plastic waste recycling and the possibilities of building hyper-local plastic film recycling plants in an urban environment with interesting results. New potential products were develloped and detailed material composition studies and material flow analysis have been conducted giving valuable insight in the world of lost plastics. 

    Finally, during the course of 2022, after the lifting of Covid 19 restrictions, it was finally possible to take the mobile unit on the road. Hence the roadshow with the mobile unit started, giving tours and demonstrations to businesses, city councils, policy makers, students, schools and the general public.

    Testimonial

    By many people, classics is seen as something negative. This is quite often because people see they're lying around as waste in the environment. However, plastics are super lightweight and very functional, so with small amounts of plastic we actually prevent a lot of CO2. We can try to shift this negative perception on plastics by teaching people what is the value of the material so that they know that if they sort it, if they collect it, it will go back into the circular economy, and we will be able to make new products out of it.

    Prof. Kim Ragaert
    Ghent University – Centre for Polymer and Material Technologies

    Partnership

    Partners

    Universiteit Gent

    University of Portsmouth Higher Education Corporation

    Southend on Sea Borough Council (SBC)

    Gemeente Den Haag

    Van Werven België bvba

    Team2

    Metabolic B.V.

    D.P.L. Group Plastic Recycling

    GRCT

    Theys Recyclage

    WeLOOP

    Outputs

    Output title
    Type
    Target
    URL / Download
    31/03/2023

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Implementation of the Plasticity hub

    Type: Pilot and demonstration action
    Target: Local, regional and national authorities
    31/03/2023

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Implementation of the Plasticity hubs

    Type: Pilot and demonstration action
    Target: Local, regional and national authorities
    31/12/2022

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Innovative logistics solutions

    Type: Method/service
    Target: Local, regional and national authorities
    31/12/2022

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Creation of Urban Platforms related to plastic waste recycling

    Type: Network
    Target: SMEs /enterprises
    31/12/2022

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Demonstration of newly designed products from previously untapped plastic waste resources

    Type: Pilot and demonstration action
    Target: SMEs /enterprises
    30/09/2022

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Lumping solutions for pretreatment and reprocessing balancing quantity vs. quality

    Type: Method/service
    Target: Local, regional and national authorities
    15/09/2022

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Business models and business cases for four new value chains from previously untapped plastic waste resources

    Type: Method/service
    Target: SMEs /enterprises
    30/04/2020

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Replicable strategy to produce case specific solutions for collection, sorting and reprocessing of currently wasted plastics

    Type: Strategy/action plan
    Target: SMEs /enterprises
    30/04/2020

    PlastiCity

    Theme: Circular economyInnovation in cities

    Mobile units for plastic characterization, pretreatment, demonstration and sensitisation

    Type: Prototype
    Target: SMEs /enterprises