ENsuring DUne REsilience against Climate Change | 2 Mers Seas Zeeën


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ENsuring DUne REsilience against Climate Change

Priority Axis

Adaptation to Climate Change

Specific objective

Adaptation to Climate Change

Lead partner

Norfolk County Council (NCC)


Start Date


End Date


Project budget

2 116 635

ERDF amount

1 269 981

ERDF rate



    Common challenge

    Climate change causes sea level rise across the 2 Seas area by 2-4mm each year. This increases risk of coastal flooding x100 in some areas, impacting people, communities & infrastructure. Many traditional defences are old, failing & expensive to replace. A 9km sea wall costs >€88 million but does not provide a permanent, economically sustainable sea defence. Natural ecosystems provide better resilience - dunes naturally flex & evolve to provide a self-replenishing barrier, but this adaptive ability is often negatively affected by poor/reactive management aimed at mitigating erosion/flooding events rather than enhancing dune function. Sand dunes protect 420km of our shared coastline, yet they do not receive the same attention given to more traditional hard interventions. Joint working & crossborder collaboration is poor, lacking input & learning from high quality cutting-edge science, research & design expertise.

    Main Achievements

    The past year flew by for ENDURE. It all started with weather finally permitting the installation of the sand-net in the Baie de l'Authie. Our flagship pilot site was finally active! This itself closely followed the partners meeting in Berck-Sur-Mer. This meeting marked a further strengthening of the cross-border working in the project with all partners now not only work partners, but also firm Interreg friends - the beauty of cross-border cooperation!

    In the UK, after choosing the 4 ENDURE pilot sites in 2018, 2019 was a year of action. Identifying Horsey to Winterton as a key site for installing rope and post fencing to protect dunes and seals from human activity (100,000 visitors monthly October to February). 2km of said rope and post was installed in October 2019 in partnership with our observer partner the Friends of Horsey Seals.

    Another of the ENDURE goals, alongside dune resilience through ecosystem-based approaches, is to increase stakeholder capacity and knowledge, and to create new management tools. In 2019 we agreed as a partnership to work both on land use scenarios but also and above all to work on scenarios of sea level rise, storminess and on dune capacity to deal with these issues. On our beta version of the viewer (https://endure.openearth.eu/endure/index.htm), you can see transects for Belgium and the Netherlands (UK and FR still in development). These transects will show if that site is ready to deal with 2m sea level rise and increased storms. It also shows accretion and erosion patterns in the recent past.

    This tool is being developed with stakeholders in mind, so at our meeting in Egmond-aan-Zee in September 2019 we invited them along to test and feedback on the tool. We will continue to do this in 2020.

    The third strand of ENDURE is to raise awareness. So we launched a communications campaign to support our work at pilots in the UK, which you may have seen, since our flagship video has reached 50,000 views (as of December 2019). The campaign aims to raise awareness and influence behaviour in dune visitors - respect and protect your dunes!

    We held citizen science events in France and Belgium, attended themed events to promote dune protection in France and organised guided dune walks with members of the coastal communities in the UK. Of course, a lot of our outputs and deliverables aren't 100% complete, so the awareness and training campaign will really start hotting up in 2020!




    Mobiliteit en Openbare Werken (MOW)

    Universiteit Gent

    Centre Permanent d’Initiatives pour l’Environnement (CPIE)

    Centre d’Etudes et d’Expertise sur les Risques Environnement Mobilité et Aménagement (Cerema)

    Hoogheemraadschap Holland Noorderkwartier (HHNK)


    URL / Download

    New mapping tool to visually compare benefits of dune management options (nature-based solutions vs hard engineering) & decide best practice.

    Theme: Climate change - Coastal erosion
    Type: Method/tool
    Target: Coastal zone management organisations - SMEs /enterprises - Universities and research centres

    Early warning system for dunes: using marram grass as a natural indicator for dune health with heat maps to quickly/easily ID vulnerable areas.

    Theme: Climate change - Coastal erosion
    Type: Method/tool
    Target: Coastal zone management organisations - SMEs /enterprises - Universities and research centres